Configuring investment categories

Use investment categories to get insights on how your team's time is spent between different types of work.

There's a lot going on all the time in most organizations. But are you spending your time on things that matter? Swarmia's investment categories help you find out.

Investment categories help teams categorize work completed in GitHub, Jira and other tools to find patterns in how they spend time and boost focus on top priorities.

In Swarmia, you can use default investment categories or come up with categories of your own.

Configure investment categories in organization settings.

Setting up investment categories

There are different ways to think of investment categories. Some of our customers use this framework by Dropbox for balancing engineering investments. Other approaches to grouping work include:

  • Company initiatives
  • Product focus areas
  • R&D Capitalization / R&D expenditure
  • Releases, or a company level roadmap (e.g. "Q3")

Using automated filters to map work to categories

You don't have to map work to categories manually. Using our automated filters, you can assign work to categories based on certain criteria.

We support the following issue filters:

  • Projects (e.g. DEV - Development project in Jira)
  • Issue type
    • Jira issue type (e.g. "Initiative" in Jira)
    • Swarmia issue type (e.g. "Epic"). Using Swarmia issue types allows comparing teams that use Jira issue types differently.
  • Issue keys (e.g. DEV-1251)
  • Team ownership
  • Issue tracker labels
  • Custom fields

Your filter might be as simple as this:

But reality is often a bit messier. In a large organization, each team might have their own little quirks in how they track their work. For instance, let's say most teams use Epics and Stories for Roadmap work... but some also use specific labels for that purpose, and one team stubbornly wants to use their custom Jira issue type.

No problem:

Categorizing pull requests

Not all work is visible on the issue tracker, however. It's common for developers to just create pull requests for things where it feels like it would take too much time to create an issue for the small task at hand, and link your pull request to that issue. In reality, such unplanned work may add up to a significant portion of engineering effort in your organization.

Categorize PRs one by one

Swarmia helps you take this kind of work into account, by allowing developers to assign unlinked pull requests directly to applicable investment categories. For each investment category, there's a checkbox allowing you to select if you'd like to allow categorizing pull requests to it:


This allows you to categorize unlinked pull requests to these categories from the Pull Requests view with just a few clicks. For teams that are using the pull request linking working agreement, they can also do it right from Slack:


Categorize PRs automatically

Pull requests can also be categorized automatically with rules. To do that, click the "Include pull requests" button in category rules and select an applicable rule to include any matching pull requests.

When this is done, the pull requests are included to that category, if they haven't been linked to any specific issue already, or if they haven't been manually assigned to any category as described above.

How we show work by category

Each issue or pull request can link to only one category. All work not linked to a category will show up as uncategorized.

In other words, categories are mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive

Determining the category

When an issue matches one of the categories with automated filters, all child issues are assigned the same category by default.

Automated filters can be configured in a way that makes an issue match multiple categories. In this case, we'll link it to the first category that matches. You can re-order categories in settings to influence that.

If there are no investment category matches, the issue is considered uncategorized.

The logic for determining pull request category is the same:

  1. Linking PRs to categories manually overrides all other matches
  2. If the PR is linked to an issue that's categorized, the PR is assigned to the same category 
  3. If the PR matches investment category filters, it will be linked to the first matching category.
  4. If there are no category matches, it will show up as uncategorized


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